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The Effects of Price on Alcohol Consumption and Alcohol-Related Problems

Chaloupka FJ, Grossman M and Saffer H. Alcohol Research and Health, 26(1): 22-34, 2002.

The most fundamental law of economics links the price of a product to the demand for that product. Accordingly, increases in the monetary price of alcohol (i.e., through tax increases) would be expected to lower alcohol consumption and its adverse consequences. Studies investigating such a relationship found that alcohol prices were one factor influencing alcohol consumption among youth and young adults. Other studies determined that increases in the total price of alcohol can reduce drinking and driving and its consequences among all age groups; lower the frequency of diseases, injuries, and deaths related to alcohol use and abuse; and reduce alcohol-related violence and other crime.

Reprinted with permission from Alcohol Research and Health. 

Journal Article (PDF)

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